stained glass

Stained Glass

Stained glass, in the arts, the colored glass used for making decorative windows and other objects through which light passes. Strictly speaking, all colored glass is “stained,” or colored by the addition of various metallic oxides while it is in a molten state; nevertheless, the term stained glass has come to refer primarily to the glass employed in making ornamental or pictorial windows. The singular color harmonies of the stained-glass window are due less to any special glass-coloring technique itself, however, than to the exploitation of certain properties of transmitted light and the light-adaptive behavior of human vision.

Of all the painter’s arts, stained glass is probably the most intractable. It is bound not only by the many light-modulating factors that affect its appearance but also by comparatively cumbersome, purely structural demands.

Why is it called stained glass?

The term stained glass derives from the silver stain that was often applied to the side of the window that would face the outside of the building. When the glass was fired, the silver stain turned a yellow color that could range from lemon to gold. Stained glass was usually used to make windows, so that the light would shine through the painting. It is a form of painting that began over 1,000 years ago and is still essentially made the same way today.

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How stained glass is made?

  1. Drawing

An artist would initially make a sketch of the overall composition of a window. Then full-sized drawings for the whole window or for different sections (panels) of the window were made.  Generally, the shapes of the individual glass pieces, the details to be painted, and the colors of the glass were indicated on the cartoon.

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  1. Cutting

Different colors of glass were chosen for separate parts of the design, and the outline of each piece was then painted on the surface with white lime wash. Pieces were cut into rough shapes using a dividing iron, the heated tip of which was applied to the surface of the glass, causing it to break. The pieces were further reduced to the desired size with a grozing iron—an iron bar with a slot at each end that was used to chip away at the edges of the glass until the exact shape was created.

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  1. Painting

After the glass pieces were cut and shaped, they were painted with a special pigment. Once painted, the separate pieces of glass were placed in a wood-fired oven called a kiln. The heat of the kiln causes the vitreous paint to fuse permanently to the surface of the glass.

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  1. Lead

Pieces of glass are held together with narrow strips of lead to form a panel. These strips are referred to as “lead came.” Lead is used because it is flexible and provides the adaptability needed for fitting around the various shapes of the glass pieces.

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  1. Glazing

“Glazing” is the term for assembling a panel of stained glass that can then be set into a window. After separate pieces of glass are painted and fired, they are placed in position on the cartoon and joined together with lead came to form a panel.

The sections of came are then joined together with solder, an alloy of lead and tin that melts easily at a low temperature and sets quickly.

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  1. Cementing

The panel is then cemented to help secure the glass within the leads and to waterproof the window. A semi-liquid cement is applied with a brush and then is covered with a layer of chalk or sawdust to absorb excess liquid. The medieval recipe for this cement is not known, though the main ingredients were probably crushed chalk and linseed oil. The panel is then scrubbed down with a dry brush until the cement only remains under the lead.

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  1. Scrubbing the panel with a dry brush

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Stained Glass Dome

Stained glass domes and ceilings from Hongjia Glass are a unique and interesting way to add color and light to any space. The modular design of our stained glass ceilings and domes allows for us to create them in any shape. The modular pieces can be combined to make any size dome or ceiling you desire. We have lots of designs to choose from us or send your designs and ideas, and we can customize them for you.

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We are happy to answer any questions, talk about options or assist with your unique needs.

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glass countertop

Glass Countertops

Glass countertops are one of the most versatile materials you can use in your kitchen. As you’ll see below, glass countertops are available in a wide variety of styles, colors, and textures. Because it can be shaped and formed into an endless number of different styles, glass pairs well with just about any material and can create some seriously unique designs that stretch the imagination.

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Glass countertops are also extremely durable, and because it won’t age over time, there’s no need to worry about visible wear or discoloration. Unlike some natural stone or metal countertops, glass is extremely heat resistant, so you can safely place hot pots and pans right on the surface without worrying about warping or shrinkage. Maintenance is also a breeze because glass countertops aren’t porous like granite or other stone materials. Spills can be easily wiped off without any worry of staining. The lack of porosity also makes glass a hygienic option as there are no cracks or crevices for dirt and bacteria to get trapped in.


Many glass countertops are made from recycled materials, making it a great eco-friendly option for homeowners who are concerned with watching their environmental footprint. This also makes it a comparatively cheaper option than natural stone or metal materials.


Back-Painted Glass

If you’d like a solid-colored countertop, glass is a great way to have a unique spin on an otherwise simplistic look. Back-painted glass countertops offer a very clean look that’ll complement your sleek modern or contemporary kitchen design.

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Textured Glass

For a super contemporary look, utilizing glass in its clear state with a textured design is an awesome way to lend a futuristic, unique and eye-catching look to your kitchen. From fun swirls and curlicues to crackled, dimpled or water-like textures, you’re sure to find a look that speaks to your personality and personal design style.


Glass with LED

If you love accent lighting and are looking to go way outside of the box with your kitchen countertop, then adding LED lights will surely take your countertop to the next level. For ultra-modern, sleek, futuristic kitchens, back-lit textured glass countertops are a breathtaking sight to behold, especially when paired with a waterfall edge.

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Southbank Place Apartments Australia

Central Equity’s latest Melbourne project, Southbank Place, represents the culmination of over 30 years of experience and is located in the heart of Southbank where the company is responsible for over 50 percent of the neighbourhood’s apartments. Located in inner-city Melbourne, Southbank is famous as a multicultural arts and leisure precinct.

February 2018, Southbank Place Apartments which is a stunning new 52-level glass apartment tower included large three-bedroom corner apartments (up to 125 sqm) and generous two-bedroom apartments with study (up to 105 sqm) was under construction in the heart of Melbourne.

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Hongjia assisted in producing glass wall which used 12mm Light Grey Reflective Tempered Glass and 12mm Europe Grey HST Tempered Glass. It took a long time to finish the production. We concentrated on the glass quality, it must be in line with customer’s requirement. Finally, the production was finished and shipped the glasses to Australia in early November.

The wall glass details please see belows:

Pictures of products:

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Heat Soaked Test:

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Inspecting piece by piece:

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Put protective film on the glass and use corner protection to protect each piece of glass.

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Safety wooden crates:

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Mirror’s Charming You Have to Know

It’s Colorful: Clear,Black,Grey,Bronze,Green,Blue,Pink,Golden ect.


It’s various: Silver Mirror,Aluminiumm Mirror,Antique Mirror,Copper free Mirror ect.

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It’s home/business/commercial decoration.

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It’s part of construction.

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It’s hundred changes.

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It’s art.

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It’s Magic.Do you dare to use this special toilet?

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Wired Glass

Wired glass is a type of glass into which a wire mesh is embedded during production. Wired glass has an impact resistance similar to that of normal glass, but in case of breakage, the mesh retains the pieces of glass. This product is traditionally accepted as a low-cost fire-resistant glass. Wired glass can be tinted by aerosol or electricity. Common colours are golden-yellow, green, light blue and violet-rose.

Wired glass is manufactured primarily as a fire retardant, with wire mesh inlaid in the glass to prevent it from shattering and breaking out under stress or when exposed to high temperatures. With the windowintact, the glass keeps the fire at bay, protecting those on the other side from the harmful effects of smoke and flame.

However, in recent times, experts warn against the use of wired glassas a fire-resistant substance. This because although the mesh may prevent the fire from penetrating, by itself it could prove dangerous, being made of fine, sharp wires which can hurt. Today, special fire-resistant glass is available, which is devoid of the wire mesh as a component and can cut off not just the fire but even smoke, gases and deadly radiant heat.

Wired patterned glass is widely used to window, door, partition, ect.

 wired glass

Thickness 6mm, 6.5mm, 7mm

Color Clear, amber, bronze, blue, green, grey

Size 2000x1500mm, 1830x2440mm, custom sizes

Applications Window, door, partition, furniture

Certificate CE, ISO, CCC, BS6202

Packing Exportation plywood box

Delivery time 7-10 days

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Wired glass is a product in which a wire mesh has been inserted during production. It has an impact resistance similar to that of normal glass, but in case of breakage, the mesh retains the pieces of glass. This product is traditionally accepted as low-cost fire glass.Production A steel wire mesh is sandwiched between two separate ribbons of semi-molten glass, and then passed through a pair of metal rollers which squeeze the “sandwich of glass and wire” together.

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It is looks like laminated glass, there is wire between 2 clear glass layers.

Actually, it is one kind of clear float wire glass, it has standard thickness, and standard size.

Normally our MOQ of this is one crates, and price is basic on the final qty you requirement.

If you are interested in it, please feel free contact with us.